Yemen Peace Agreement Upsc
For Prelims and Mains: Yemen issues, peace agreement, features and its significance. Saudi crown prince describes agreement as a crucial step towards a political solution to end Yemen`s bloody war. “It offers a certain degree of consensus, perhaps not with all the players involved in this war in Yemen, but at least some of them. And I think it`s going to bring people back, and it shows all the players that a peace can be negotiated. Saudi Arabia`s crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, hailed the agreement as a step towards a broader political solution to end a complex conflict. Peter Salisbury, a Yemeni expert at crisis international Group, an Inbrissel think tank, said the agreement solves two short-term problems – if it can be successfully implemented. Saudi Arabia`s envoy to Yemen told reporters that the agreement would allow the separatists and other southerners to join a new Yemeni cabinet and would place southern armed forces under the control of the Yemeni government. The United Nations envoy Martin Griffiths, who is trying to restart talks to end a war that has pushed Yemen to the brink of famine, said the deal was an important step in peace efforts. April Longley of the International Crisis Group said the deal could be positive, but it was too early to say.
Apart from a few violations, the ceasefire took place on the second day on Wednesday. Both sides are under pressure. The war has been stalled for a long time. The Houthis have seen loss of territory in recent months, while the Saudi coalition is facing growing international pressure. According to the agreement, all combatants should withdraw from Hodeida in 21 days. UN observers will form a monitoring team made up of government and rebel officials to monitor the ceasefire. But the Stockholm agreement focuses mainly on humanitarian conditions in Yemen. That is why the ceasefire was only concluded in Hodeida. The question is whether the belligerents can extend the ceasefire to other conflict zones.
Both parties are firmly rooted in Yemen`s torn political landscape. A solution to the conflict can only be found if the rebels and the government make some political concessions. “The signing of this agreement is an important step in our joint efforts to promote a peaceful solution to the conflict in Yemen,” he said in a statement. “Listening to the actors of the South is important for political efforts to achieve peace in the country.” The ceasefire between Yemen`s Houthi rebels and forces loyal to President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi in the port city of Hodeida came into existence on December 18. The agreement was reached earlier this month at the UN-brokered talks in Stockholm. At the time of the negotiations, the city was almost in the hands of the Saudi-led coalition. The coalition had blockaded the port, the main conducted for humanitarian aid to enter Yemen, for months, and the fighters, mostly UAE soldiers, were battling the rebels. www.thehindu.com/news/international/saudi-led-ceasefire-in-yemens-long-war-begins/article31302944.ece context: Yemen`s warring parties have agreed to an immediate ceasefire in the Red Sea port of Hodeidah in a potential breakthrough at the end of a week of peace talks in Sweden.
The UN representative for peace for Yemen, Jamal Benomar, has resigned after losing support from the Gulf countries for his mission in the conflict-shaken nation.